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Personal Fitness

Course Description

This course covers the fundamentals of building a higher level of personal fitness, as well as the basics of human physiology related to fitness and exercise. Students will learn how to make healthier lifestyle choices and understand why it is so important to maintain their physical fitness.

Unit 1: Exercise and Wellbeing

In this unit, you will be introduced to exercise. First, we will define what exercise means to different groups of people, and review general recommendations for physical activity. Next, we will examine the benefits of exercise, both for individuals and for societies as a whole. Coronary heart disease is the biggest killer in the United States, so we will look at lifestyle choices that can help prevent it. We will explore how to evaluate whether an individual is ready for beginning an exercise program. We will learn how to adapt exercise for groups of people with specific needs. Finally, we will review helpful hints and tips for kick-starting a healthier lifestyle.

Unit 2: Components of Fitness

In this unit you will learn about the various components of physical fitness. Firstly, we will define fitness and discuss the factors that affect it. We will then look at each type of fitness and the federal guidelines for exercise in detail. Finally, we will review the benefits of each type of fitness.

Unit 3: Bones and Joints

In this unit, you will learn all about bones and joints. We will begin by looking at the functions of the skeleton. We will discuss the different types of bone and their characteristics, as well as reviewing how bones grow. Next, we will move on to joints, learning about the different types in the body. In particular, we will focus on synovial joints. Finally, we will discuss the different types of movements that occur at various joints.

Unit 4: Muscles

In this unit, you will learn all about muscles. We will look at the different types of muscle in our body, and how they are structured, with particular attention to the different types of muscle fibers. We will explore the functions that muscles perform, how they work, and their interaction with the central nervous system. Finally, we will discuss the considerations for safe and effective exercise.

Unit 5: The Cardiorespiratory System

The term “cardio-respiratory” refers to the heart (cardio) and lungs (respiratory). In this unit, you will learn about the components of these systems, how they work, and how they interact with each other. You will also learn about the different blood vessels that make up the circulatory (vascular) system.

Unit 6: Energy Systems

In this unit, you will learn about all the body’s energy systems. First, we will learn about the processes and reactions that generate energy. Next, we will explore how food acts as fuel. Then, we will review each of the body?s three energy systems. Finally, we will look at the effects of exercise on the energy systems, and how these energy systems adapt.

Unit 7: Exercise Nutrition

In this unit, you will learn all about eating and drinking as it relates to exercise. First, in order to understand how food is broken down and made available as energy, we will review key parts of the digestive system. Next, we will look at carbohydrates, proteins, fats and water. We will explore things like their functions, which foods they are in, and health considerations to keep in mind when choosing how much of each to consume. Finally, we will review the federal government’s recommendations for a healthy diet.

Unit 8: Exercise Psychology

In this unit, you will learn about the psychology of exercising. First, we will review the psychological benefits of exercise, and the role that chemicals like endorphins and serotonin play. Next, we will discuss the possible barriers that people use for not exercising, and strategies for overcoming them. We will then look at models that try to explain why the way people think and act can change with exercise, and how they can bring about that change. Finally, we will learn about some of the tools that are used in sports psychology that can be adapted to everyday life.

Course Details

  • Date December 1, 2012
  • Tags High School Electives, STEM
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